1.BREED AND INTERPRETATION DIFFERENCES犬种以及阐述差异
I began to reflect on the differences in breeds from one country to another, after reading Geir Flyckt-Pedersen’s recent comments on whether breed standards are the Bible for breeders, exhibitors and judges alike – most of which I completely agree with. He talks about the variation in type that can be seen from one country to another and the varying interpretations made, sometimes of virtually the same words in a breed standard. I very much agree with him on that too.
Take for example the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier. The American breed standard, the FCI (Irish) breed standard, and the UK version all say roughly the same thing about coat and presentation. However, the variation seen, even in the same ring in some countries, is beyond belief.
The AKC standard says, amongst other things, that the coat texture should be ‘soft and silky with a gentle wave’ and that a major fault is for it to be ‘woolly or harsh, crisp or cottony, frizzy, kinky or standaway’. It adds that the coat must never be ‘clipped or plucked’, that ‘sharp contrasts or stylizations must be avoided’; and that ‘dogs that are overly trimmed shall be severely penalized.’ The FCI standard which follows Ireland’s ‘country of origin’ version says: “A single coated dog. Texture soft and silky to feel, and not harsh” but with normal Irish flexibility it does now allow for dogs to be trimmed or untrimmed. Of the trimmed version it says that the coat should be trimmed to follow the outline of the dog but not sculpted.” And for untrimmed dogs, it says: “Under no circumstances should the coat be ‘fluffed out’ like a Poodle or an Old English Sheepdog. Dogs shown in this condition should be heavily penalized as they give a wrong impression of type and breed’.
TKC’s standard also says that the coat should be ‘Soft and silky. Neither woolly nor wiry. Loosely waved or curly’ and goes on to stress that while ‘over-trimming or styli sing should be penalized for show purposes the coat may be tidied to present a neat outline.”
So all three standards say roughly the same thing but, stand at the ringside in various countries and you’ll see very different coats and presentations.
Irish types are. by and large, much less heavily coated with a more silky texture while at the other extreme some dogs are presented almost like a Kerry Blue and have what I’d call a woolly coat if ever I saw one. That maybe because of the FCI (Irish) concession that dogs can be trimmed or untrimmed, or it may be because ideas on what the words soft and silky’ mean are very different in different parts of the world.
As an aside, there may of course be another reason why I wasn’t so sure about Cairn Terriers with very gaily carried tails. That was because, a number of years ago when I judged Cairns at Crufts, I gave best dog to an exhibit with rather a gay tail. After I had completed the judging an old friend of mine who had for many years been Secretary of the Cairn Terrier Club, came rushing up to me. He said: “you are a very lucky man. That Cairn that you made best dog today has been sold to France and it will never be seen here in the UK ever again!” Maybe that lesson has lived on in my psyche.
But, by and large, I do agree that the interpretation of breed standards does vary according to the background of the judge concerned. No matter how hard you try not to be biased in one direction or another that is not always something easy to do.
转自美国DOG NEWS MAGAZINE, 此篇文章由Ronnie Irving编撰， 中文由犬界网编译。